5 Must-Know Human Rights Organizations
‘Human right’ in a dictionary is defined as “a right which is believed to belong to every person.” In the world today where people strive to live through the virus of injustice, many times these rights are violated. This is where the Human Rights Organizations play a role to maintain peace and avoid war as far as possible.
“Whereas disregard and contempt for human rights have resulted in barbarous acts which have outraged the conscience of mankind, and the advent of a world in which human beings shall enjoy freedom of speech and belief, and freedom from fear and want, has been proclaimed as the highest aspiration of the common people.
Whereas it is essential, if man is not to be compelled to have recourse, as a last resort, to rebellion against tyranny and oppression, that human rights should be protected by the rule of law.”
Paragraphs 2 and 3 of the Preamble, Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
[Source: United Nations]
The list below is of the five must-know human rights organizations:
Its mission is to be impartial, neutral and an independent organization that focuses towards taking care of the respect and lives of victims of war and provides them with aid. This humanitarian goal is also achieved through directing and co-ordinating international relief. They work towards strengthening the universal humanitarian principles as well as humanitarian law. Some of the beneficiaries are “Neutrality and protection for wounded soldiers” etc. There are around eighty countries that benefit from this, providing large scale employment as well. The nations destroyed by war are compensated. Most of the funds are voluntary, with Switzerland and United States being the topmost donors.
As the name implies, they implement schemes for life-saving aid and accommodating displaced people, plus promoting ways to solve displacement crises, which is done through research missions, media attention and avocation.
It is an independent agency that works constantly to provide a strong base for refugees and stateless people. The United Nations or any other government funding is mostly rejected.
Some of the countries that this organization works in are Burma, Sudan, Pakistan, Libya, Kuwait among others. There are a total of twenty five reports, along with intensive reports and commentary on international aid issues, published during the year.
The organization aims to sustain research and provide action to curb the abuse of any human rights. They also fight for providing justice to those who have been violated. There are reports discussing democratic and open countries. Through these reports they try to pressurize public opinions so as to result in improvements in the future. They don’t statistically try to report human rights abuses of the world.
Around three million support this global movement in around 150 countries.
Due to its worldwide membership, there are many donations that finance the organization; Amnesty’s global nature means that Government subsidies are rejected.
This organization mainly monitors the working of United Nations and enthusiastically promotes human rights. The headquarters is situated in Geneva and the organization seeks to monitor the UN with the aid of its own mandate. This non-government organization was started in 1993 by Morris B. Abram, a civil rights’ activist. It takes part in the UN with the status of Special Consultants for the ECOSOC (UN Economic and Social Council) as well as DPI (UN Department of Public Information). It desires to provide a more just world by preventing unnecessary wars. The work is meticulously accomplished by playing on the strengths of the UN and using the scare resources judiciously. There are no financial donations as such, but charities do provide in kindness.
As the name suggests they work on human rights activism. Any violation of basic human rights under the Universal Declaration of Human Rights is not tolerated. This includes rights such as capital punishment or sexual discrimination. They provide liberation in fundamental rights such as that of religion or media. The reports are produced and used for attracting international attention towards abuses. This pressurizes the various governments and organizations to start reforming. It’s established in Africa, Europe, Middle East, Asia, America, etc.